Essence is what an entity fundamentally is; essence is the law of development of something; essence is the internal aspect of the thing, hidden behind the surface phenomena. The essence is what makes a thing what it is.

The Greek philosopher Plato believed that every single thing in the world that we perceive through the senses, it has its kind or Eidos: for example, beauty, justice, a straight line. This species is always a general, but it exists separate of the things we perceive through our senses.

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