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Thales

(294a28) Thales thought earth floating on water


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(405a19) Thales held soul to be a motive force

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(411a8) Thales came to the opinion that all things are full of gods

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(983b20) Thales says the principle (first cause) is water from seeing that the nutriment of all things is moist, and that heat itself is generated from the moist and kept alive by it; also the seeds of all things have a moist nature, and water is the origin of the nature of moist things

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Those philosophers must yield who, having their mind enslaved to their body, supposed the principles of all things to be material; as Thales, who held that the first principle of all things was water; Anaximenes, that it was air; the Stoics, that it was fire; Epicurus, who affirmed that it consisted of atoms, that is to say, of minute corpuscules; and many others whom it is needless to enumerate, but who believed that bodies, simple or compound, animate or inanimate, but nevertheless bodies, were the cause and principle of all things(cg306)

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Thales was the first to find the true method was not to inspect what he discerned either in the figure of the isosceles triangle, or in the bare concept of it, and from this, as it were, to read off its properties; but to bring out what was necessarily implied in the concepts that he had himself formed a priori, and had put into the figure in the construction by which he presented it to himself(kBxii)